India has a rich, centuries old heritage of medical and health knowledge. Various traditional systems of health care have been in use and even today these are being extensively used. The Department of AYUSH deals with these traditional and alternate systems of medicine namely Ayurveda, Unani and Homoeopathy.
1) To provide Medicare facilities to the people of the State through Ayurvedic, Unani and Homoeopathy systems of medicine.
2) To impart quality education at Graduation and Post Graduation level though the Medical Colleges of Ayurvedic, Unani and Homoeopathy systems of medicine to produce qualified medical practitioners in these systems of medicines
3) To manufacture quality Ayurvedic, Homoeopathy and Unani Medicines through the Government Pharmacies and make them available on free of cost to the patients coming for treatment to Hospitals and Dispensaries being run by the Department under these (3) systems of medicine.
4) To regulate the manufacture and sale of Ayurvedic, Unani and Homoeopathy drugs in accordance with law.
5) To monitor the quality of Ayurvedic, Unani and Homoeopathy Drugs being manufactured or sold in the state.
6) To maintain the State register of Medical Practitioners in Ayurveda, Unani and Homoeopathy
AYURVEDA SYSTEM OF MEDICINE:
Ayurveda originated in India long back in pre-vedic period. Rigveda and Atharvaveda (5000 years B.C) have references on health and diseases. The Ayurveda texts like Charaka Samhita and Sushurutha Samhita were documented about 1000 years B.C. The term Ayurveda means ‘science of life’. It deals elaborately with measures for healthful living during the entire span of life. Besides dealing with principles for maintenance of health it also has developed a wide range of therapeutic measures to combat illness. Thus Ayurveda becomes one of the oldest systems of healthcare dealing with both the preventive and curative aspects of life in a most comprehensive way. WHO’s concept of health propounded in the modern era bears a close similarity to the concept of health in Ayurveda.
This Department is managing the following institutions to provide health care services through Ayurveda:
There are (3) Ayurveda Colleges. These colleges are offering 5 ½ years BAMS course. There are teaching Hospitals attached to each College. The details of the intake of the College and beds in the attached teaching Hospital are given below:
MINI AYURVEDIC HOSPITALS:
Besides the teaching hospitals, there are mini-hospitals located at Toopran in Medak District with (9) beds, Banaganapally in Kurnool District with (10) beds and Allur in Nellore District with (5) beds. Thus in all teaching and non-teaching Ayurvedic Hospitals (364) beds are available.
There is a Government Ayurveda Pharmacy at Kattedan in Hyderabad. This Pharmacy is purchasing raw material and herbs and converting them into Ayurvedic medicines for supply to all the Ayurvedic Hospitals and Dispensaries
There are (557) Ayurvedic Dispensaries in the State. These are mostly located in rural and interior areas. Usually the staffing pattern of a Dispensary includes (1) Medical Officer, (1) Compounder and (1) Class-IV employee.
UNANI SYSTEM OF MEDICINE:
The Unani system of medicine, as its name indicates, was first developed in Greece. The Arabs and Persians introduced this system of medicine in India sometime around the 11th century. Today, India is one of the leading countries in so far as the practice of Unani medicine is concerned. It has the largest number of Unani educational, research and health care institutions. This is also an herbal-based medicine system.
There is one (1) Unani Medical College with a attached teaching Hospitals, offering a 5 ½ year BUMS course with intake capacity of (75) students. It is also offering P.G in (5) specialties with intake capacity of (36) students. The details of the intake of the said College and beds in the attached teaching Hospital are given below:
MINI UNANI HOSPITALS:
There are (4) mini Unani Hospitals functioning at Hanmakonda, Nizamabad, Kurnool and Adoni (Kurnool Dist.) with bed strength of 5, 5, 10 and 10 respectively.
One Government Pharmacy for making Unani medicines is located at Kattedan. This Pharmacy is meeting the total requirement for supply of Unani medicines to all Unani Hospitals and Dispensaries.
There are (196) Unani Dispensaries throughout the State.
HOMOEOPATHY SYSTEM OF MEDICINE:
Homoeopathy as a distinct system of medicine is of recent origin. Dr.Samuel Hahnemann, a Physician in Germany in the late 18th century, evolved it. It is based on the principle “like cures like”. Its founder believed that human beings have a capacity for healing themselves and that the symptoms of the disease reflect the individuals struggle to overcome his illness.
Homoeopathy simply means treating diseases with remedies, usually prescribed in minute doses, which are capable of producing symptoms similar to the disease when taken by healthy people. Homoeopathy is a rapidly growing system. In India it is recognized as one of the National systems of medicine. Due to its low cost and low side effects, it is becoming very popular day by day and has a great potential to provide health care to the large number of poor population.
The following institutions are functioning under Homoeopathy system of medicine:
There are (4) Homoeopathy colleges offering 5 ½ years BHMS course and the College at Hyderabad is also offering a P.G programme in (3) specialties. The following are the details of student intake and bed strength in the attached teaching hospitals of these colleges:
HOMOEOPATHY MINI HOSPITALS:
Government Homoeopathy Hospital, Motigally, Hyderabad with (20) beds.
One modern Homoeopathy Pharmacy in Government sector is established in the campus of Govt. Homoeopathy Hospital, Ramanthapur, Hyderabad. This Pharmacy is purchasing raw material and manufacturing Homoeopathy medicines for supply to all Homoeopathy Hospitals and Dispensaries.
There are (286) Homoeopathy Dispensaries in the State. These Dispensaries are also located in rural areas spread in all Districts. The staffing pattern is same with (1) Medical Officer, (1) Compounder and (1) class-IV employee.
All these systems of medicine in the state are under the administrative control of Department of AYUSH. This Department is headed by a Commissioner with (3) Additional Directors (Ayurveda, Unani & Homoeopathy) to assist the Commissioner in technical matters. Besides, (6) Regional Deputy Directors are stationed at the following places:
1) Visakhapatnam 2) Eluru 3) Ongole
4) Kadapa 5) Warangal 6) Hyderabad
The total Institutions functioning under the control of this Department at a glance:
IMPLEMENTATION OF N.R.H.M (National Rural Health Mission)
Introduction & Goals:
Recognizing the importance of Health in the process of economic and social development and improving the quality of life of our citizens, the Government of India has resolved to launch the National Rural Health Mission (N.R.H.M) to carry out necessary architectural correction in the basic health care delivery system. The Mission adopts a synergistic approach by relating health to determinants of good health viz. segments of nutrition, sanitation, hygiene and safe drinking water. It also aims at mainstreaming the Indian systems of medicine to facilitate health care. The Plan of Action includes increasing public expenditure on health, reducing regional imbalance in health infrastructure, pooling resources, integration of organizational structures, optimization of health manpower, decentralization and district management of health programmes, community participation and ownership of assets, induction of management and financial personnel into district health system, and operationalizing community health centers into functional hospitals meeting Indian Public Health Standards in each Block of the Country.
The Goal of the Mission is to improve the availability of and access to quality health care by people, especially for those residing in rural areas, the poor, women and children.
In A.P. state, it is proposed to provide AYUSH Facilities in all the PHCs and CHCs in a phased manner over a period of (3) years i.e., 2007-08, 2008-09 and during 2009-10. Every year (491) AYUSH facilities are being established in PHCs/CHCs. So far (982) AYUSH Dispensaries have been established as shown below: